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Environmental Summary Sunrise Sunset. Hour by hour forecast Last updated today at Light winds from the west.
Forty-eight residents were granted the title of Hero of The Soviet Union. After , due to the mass evacuation of factories and workers from the European part of the Soviet Union during World War II, Alma-Ata became an administrative and trading centre.
Although it had an underdeveloped industrial base it become one of the largest industrial centres of the Soviet Union. It was to the rear of the wartime fronts.
During the years — the industrial potential of the city increased significantly. Development increased during the postwar years.
The population of the city grew from , in to , in By the city had enterprises, with the bulk of these being light industrial and food industries.
The main industries in Alma-Ata were: The main products of the region were:. From to , 1,, square metres of public and cooperative housing were built.
Annually, around , square metres of dwellings were under construction. Most of the buildings constructed during this time were earthquake-proof multi-storey buildings.
The Soviet government tried to diversify architectural forms to create a more varied cityscape. The Medeu Dam , designed to protect the city of Almaty and the Medeo skating rink from catastrophic mudflows during flood season, was built in It was reinforced a number of times in the s and s.
The supersonic transport Tupolev Tu went into service on 26 December , carrying mail and freight between Moscow and Alma-Ata in preparation for passenger services; these began in November The Aeroflot flight on 1 June was the 55th and last scheduled passenger flight of the Tu Alma-Ata was the host city for a international conference on Primary Health Care.
The Alma Ata Declaration was adopted, marking a paradigm shift in global public health. On 7 September , the subway Almaty Metro project started construction; the subway was opened on 1 December after 23 years.
Kazakhstan declared its independence from the Soviet Union on 16 December Kazakhstan Independence Day , and two years later the government renamed the city from the Russian Alma-Ata to the Kazakh name Almaty.
In the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev approved the Decree to transfer the capital from Almaty to Astana in the north of the country.
The new General Plan of Almaty for was developed in It is intended to create ecologically safe, secure, and socially comfortable living conditions in the city.
It proposes continued multi-storied and single-housing development, reorganization of industrial districts or territories, improving transport infrastructure, and expanding the Almaty Metro.
The first line of the Almaty metro was launched on 1 December , two weeks ahead of schedule. The extension of the line to Kalkaman was opened in Nevertheless, Almaty has developed a major problem with air pollution.
The area of the city has been expanded during recent years with the annexation of the suburban settlements of Kalkaman, Kok Tube, Gorniy Gigant District Mountain Giant.
Numerous apartment blocks and office skyscrapers have transformed the face of the town, which has been built into the mountains. Almaty was the site of a notorious terrorist attack in July , when Jihadist Ruslan Kulikbayev killed eight police officers and two civilians in a shootout and car chase.
Kulikbayev was wounded during the shootout and later sentenced to death for the attack. Dfa with hot summers and cold winters.
It is characterized by the influence of mountain-valley circulation. This is especially evident in the northern part of the city, located directly in the transition zone of the mountain slopes to the plains.
In average years frost starts on about 14 October and ends on about 18 April, with sustained extreme cold from about 19 December to about 23 February, a period of about 67 days.
In the center of Almaty, like any large city, there is a "heat island" — the average daily temperature contrast between the northern and southern suburbs of the city is 3.
Therefore, frost in the city center starts about 7 days later and finishes 3 days earlier than in the northern suburbs. It is not uncommon to see snow or a cold snap hitting Almaty as late as the end of May.
For example, in the last quarter century, such snowfalls were recorded on 13 May , 1 May , 5 May and 18 May The record latest snowfall in Almaty was on 17 June Almaty sometimes experiences winter rain, despite heavy preceding snowfall and low temperatures.
The most memorable winter rain took place on 16 December during a military parade to celebrate the 5th anniversary of the Independence of the Republic.
Industrially developed and densely populated areas in the south and southeast of Kazakhstan are situated in the zones where the maximum magnitudes of expected earthquakes are from 6.
The south seismic active zone of Kazakhstan is a part of the North Tian-Shan ridge system. The main city of Almaty is located near the Zailiski Alatau mountain base.
In recorded history prior to the late 19th century, three catastrophic earthquakes are known to have taken place there.
The following are the dates of occurrence and extracts from the historical chronicles of the times:. Within the past years, three more strong destructive earthquakes occurred here, with centres not more than 20 — kilometres 81 miles from the current city location.
Their magnitudes were 9 and 11 on the MSK scale — 64, and their centres were located within kilometres 62 miles. Centres were located in a south and south—east directions:.
In each of these earthquakes, the city suffered wide destruction. Almaty is the most cosmopolitan city of Kazakhstan.
The metropolitan area centred upon Almaty includes the cities and towns of Esik , Kaskelen , Talgar , and Kapchagay , and much of Enbekshikazakh , Jambyl , Ile , and Talgar districts, all of which lie within 1.
The nation is the most powerful economically in Central Asia and Almaty is a key financial center. The Kazakhstan Stock Exchange is based in Almaty.
Almaty is also developing as a regional financial and business centre RFCA. This was designed by T. Its goal is to become the largest business centre in Central Asia.
Along with professional services, media companies are concentrated in Almaty. The media distribution industry has been growing rapidly since A new airport in Almaty expects to handle about 45 million tonnes of cargo each year.
The economy of Almaty city and Almaty Region continues to grow, and is expected to increase by nearly 6. The city television tower, Almaty Tower , is located on the hill.
It has a variety of tourist attractions, such as a zoo, amusement-park-style rides and restaurants. Among them is the "Oriental Calendar" Fountain, whose 12 sculptural figures represent the 12 animals of the Kazakh year animal cycle similar to its Chinese counterpart.
The Medeu is an outdoor speed skating and bandy rink. Medeu sits 1, metres above sea level, making it one of the highest skating rinks in the world.
It has 10, square meters of ice and utilizes a sophisticated freezing and watering system to ensure the quality of the ice.
It is popular for its mild climate, a large quantity of sunny days and a great amount of snow through the winter from November till May.
The park was opened in July Creation of the park began in The first were broken main elements of the park - the avenue, boulevard, dendrological areas.
In honor of the participation of the city of Almaty in the Olympic torch relay of the Beijing Olympic Games, about a hundred spruces and birches were planted.
Deluxe Room accommodations offer breathtaking views of the city and mountains through floor-to-ceiling windows.
Our Club Suites accommodate business travelers in a stylish space with areas to host, work and relax. Floor-to-ceiling windows bathe the bedroom of The Ritz-Carlton Suite with natural light and offer incredible city and mountain views.
Executive Suite accommodations feature a large living space with comfortable seating, a work desk and floor-to-ceiling windows.
As beautiful as it is relaxing, a single-stone-crafted bathtub in The Ritz-Carlton Suite looks out over the city.
The master bedroom of our Executive Suites welcome weary travelers with a cozy armchair, luxurious king bed and a beautiful view.
Host a private dinner in the comfort of The Ritz-Carlton Suite, featuring a dining table for eight that overlooks the mountains. The Ritz-Carlton Suite features a spacious living area where guests can entertain or simply enjoy the view.
Club Level guests enjoy access to the Club Lounge with additional amenities, complimentary culinary offerings and a dedicated concierge.
Location on the 26th floor of our hotel, the Club Lounge offers a venue for Club Level guests to relax, work and dine.